Tuesday, 2 December 2014

Writing a report

You are a reporter!, It is 3 September 2005 , and you are in New Orleans. THe Hurricane Katrina just arrived. Write about it, a report for your newspaper.
You write about Hurricane Katrina, which hit the Gull Coast on 29 Augost. Describe: What happened, where, when and why. The damage done (homeless people, human problems, figures of casualties, ....).
In your report, a witness can describe the effect of the hurricane.
You can use:

Friday, 21 November 2014

The sun and the temperature

The sun causes all our weather because it heats the earth unevenly. The contrast between the hot parts and the cold parts of the earth turns our atmosphere into a powerful engine. The engine keeps cold and warm air moving and makes changes in air pressure. Those air pressure changes cause wind. The heat of the sun also helps moisture to rise and form clouds, bringing rain, snow, or thunderstorms. So all the changes in our weather come, at least indirectly from the sun. For more on the summer sun, go here.

Blanket of Air
As the sun warms up the earth, the ground absorbs the heat, and reflects some of it back into the air. That's one reason why it's usually warmer near the ground and cooler on the higher hills and mountains. The atmosphere acts like a big blanket over the earth, holding in the warmth and reflecting it back to earth


Explain the text with your words. No use the translator, you can search for the meaning of what you do not know, but explain it, with your words.

  • Why is so important the sun?

  • how the sun created the climate zones?

Send me by mail

Wednesday, 19 November 2014

Atmospheric Circulation

Atmospheric Circulation One way to accomplish the transfer of heat from the equator to the poles would be to have a single circulation cell that was upward in the tropics, poleward aloft, downward at the poles, and equatorward at the surface. This is the single-cell circulation model first proposed by Hadley in the 1700’s.

Since the earth rotates, the axis is tilted, and there is more land mass in the northern hemisphere than in the southern hemisphere, the actual global pattern is much more complicated. Instead of a single-cell circulation the global circulation model consists of three cells for both N and S hemispheres. These three cells are the tropical cell (also called a Hadley cell), the midlatitude cell and the polar cell.
Surface Features of the Global Atmospheric Circulation System
Main wind belts:
Because the Coriolis force act to the right of the flow (in the Northern Hemisphere), the flow around the 3-cells is deflected. This gives rise to the three main wind belts in each hemisphere at the surface:
· The easterly trade winds in the tropics
· The prevailing westerlies
· The polar easterlies
Doldrums, ITCZ:The doldrums are the region near the equator where the trade winds from each hemisphere meet. This is also where you find the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ). It is characterized by hot, humid weather with light winds, major tropical rain forests found in this zone. Migrates north in January and south in July.
Horse latitudes:The horse latitudes are the region between the trade winds and the prevailing westerlies. In this region the winds are often light or calm, and were so-named because ships would often half to throw their horses overboard due to lack of feed and water.
Polar font:The polar front lies between the polar easterlies and the prevailing westerlies.
Pressure belts:
The three-cell circulation model would have associated with it the following pressure belts:
· Equatorial low – A belt of low pressure associated with the rising air in the ITCZ. (The rising of warm air heated at the Equator causes an area of low pressure called Equatorial Low. As the air rises, creates clouds and precipitation.)
· Subtropical high – A belt of high pressure associated with the sinking air of the horse latitudes. (At the subtropics the air cools and descends creating areas of high pressure with clear skies and little precipitation, called the Subtropical High. The descending air is warm and dry, and produces deserts in these regions.)
· Subpolar low – A belt of low pressure associated with the polar front.
· Polar high – A high pressure associated with the cold, dense air of the polar regions.To learn more.

  1. What is the main idea in this text?
  2. Explain the Atmospheric circulation.
  3. What number of the atmospheric cells are in the Earth ? Explain

Friday, 7 November 2014

What is Drought?

What do you think when you hear the word drought? Do you think “dry,” “hot,” “dusty,” or “cracked earth,” or even “no water”? If so, you’re on the right track!
When a place is in a drought, it is dry and hot, often dusty; cracks may appear in the soil, and rivers, lakes, streams, and other sources of water can go dry. A drought means that a place has less precipitation (rain or snow) than normal over a few months or even longer.
What causes this? How does drought really affect us? How can we be prepared for drought? These are all important questions that we will answer as we explore drought.

What causes a drought? 
How Does Drought Affect Our Lives?

Send me the answers by E-Mail

Wednesday, 29 October 2014


Click on the pictura we are going to investigate about the Nothern Ireland. Focus on Geography themes thought videos and intereactive animations. Talk with Christina

Tuesday, 28 October 2014

What is groundwater?

To Read with Annie

 Groundwater is the water found underground in the cracks and spaces in soil, sand and rock. It is stored in and moves slowly through geologic formations of soil, sand and rocks called aquifers.

 How much do we depend on groundwater?

  • Groundwater supplies drinking water for 51% of the total U.S. population and 99% of the rural population.
  • Groundwater helps grow our food. 64% of groundwater is used for irrigation to grow crops.
  • Groundwater is an important component in many industrial processes.
  • Groundwater is a source of recharge for lakes, rivers, and wetlands.

Rain + GroundwaterAquifers are typically made up of gravel, sand, sandstone, or fractured rock, like limestone. Water can move through these materials because they have large connected spaces that make them permeable. The speed at which groundwater flows depends on the size of the spaces in the soil or rock and how well the spaces are connected.

Groundwater can be found almost everywhere. The water table may be deep or shallow; and may rise or fall depending on many factors. Heavy rains or melting snow may cause the water table to rise, or heavy pumping of groundwater supplies may cause the water table to fall.
Groundwater supplies are  recharged, by rain and snow melt that seeps down into the cracks and crevices beneath the land's surface. In some areas of the world, people face serious water shortages because groundwater is used faster than it is naturally replenished. In other areas groundwater is polluted by human activities. 

Make the Summary

Friday, 10 October 2014

Weathering, erosion, and deposition

You need watch the next videos:

Task: Watch the vídeos,read the text on pages 18-19 and use this link
After that, you need do the next activities:

  • What is erosion?
  • What is Weathering?
  • What types of erosion do you think exist?
  • What are the main agents of erosion ?
When you finish, you send me a E-mail with the activities

After that, you can enjoy this video

Sunday, 5 October 2014

The stucture of the Earth

The earth — think it's solid as a rock?

Our planet might seem fixed and rigid, but a closer look reveals that it is constantly shifting under our feet. Delve into the earth's interior, learn about its tectonic plates and their movements, and discover how mountains, volcanoes, and earthquakes are formed.

Start your exploration with Earth's Structure.

Task : Make a Summary of the vídeo and the link. Send me a e-mail with it

Tuesday, 3 June 2014

What the ancient Greece did for us?

To say that we owe a lot to the ancient Greeks is nothing new. Everywhere we look, we see echoes of that world in our own: democracy, philosophy, art, architecture, science, sport, to name but a few. But to properly understand the legacy and impact of the ancient Greeks, we need to grasp four crucial ideas.
The first is that it is not only thanks to the Greeks that our culture is so infused with theirs. Just because they invented and built things does not mean, by right, that those inventions, ideas and creations will always continue to be admired. It’s in the way that the legacies of ancient Greece have been taken up, admired, re-formulated and manipulated by every culture between theirs and ours, that we must also look for our answer to the question of why we are so indebted to the Greeks in particular.
For example, the Roman emperor Hadrian loved all things Greek: he completed the temple of Olympian Zeus in Athens, despite the fact that no Greek had been able to complete this massive temple in about 650 years of trying. The emperor had created a legacy that, in truth, augmented the reality of what the Greek world actually achieved.
The second idea is that, in that continual process of reformulation and manipulation, we have on occasion completely misinterpreted the ancient Greek world. Take paint for instance. Our very sense of the ‘Classical’ from the Renaissance onwards, has been based on the ‘fact’ that ancient Greek temples and buildings were made out of marble and stood shining off-white in the sunlight.
But ever since the first modern travellers visited Greece in the 17th century, we have discovered evidence that this is, in fact, completely wrong. Greek temples were painted bright blue, red, green: our very definition of the opposite of Classical! And so strongly implanted in our cultural psyche is this – incorrect – understanding of the Classical world, that even today we find it difficult to accept what the reality actually was.
Thirdly, we need to realise that the ancient Greek world has not always been such a source of inspiration and, equally, that it has not always been a source of inspiration for things we would choose to admire now.
By the seventh century AD, for example, the term 'democracy' had a ‘mob-rule’ feel about it, which made ancient Athens a very unpopular model for any society, right through until the until the late 18th century. In the English Civil War, for instance, Cromwell was encouraged to follow the example of the ancient Spartans, not the Athenians.
In the formulation of the constitution of the US in the 18th century, the Roman model of a Senate and Capitol was followed, rather than the Athenian boule (a council of citizens appointed to run the daily affairs of the city) and ekklesia (the principal assembly of the democracy of ancient Athens). More worryingly, the same Spartan model that was urged on Cromwell was the model taken by the Nazis as the way to create an Aryan race; Nazi youth camps were directly modelled on the training system for young Spartans.
Finally, although we may like to think that we have taken the inventions and ideas of the ancient Greeks and improved upon them, this is not always the case.
Take ancient Athenian democracy, again, as an example. In ancient Greece, this was based on slavery, and excluded women. Today, we rightly pride ourselves on the fact that neither of these is true. We have improved on the original Greek legacy to the degree that some argue we should not call their system a democracy at all. But equally, we must remember that the ancient Greeks probably would not call our system much of a real democracy either!
We have a representative democracy with a very apathetic voter turn-out at elections; they had a system where every citizen voted directly on every major issue, and in which approximately two-thirds of the citizen population sat, at some point in their adult lives, on the supreme governing council, the boule, of the city. None of this makes the Athenian system better than ours or vice versa. But it should make us think twice about we mean by the ‘legacy’ of democracy.
Overall, the crucial thing we must always remember is that the legacy of the ancient Greeks is a constantly moveable feast, caught between icon and enigma, and one that we – alongside every generation between us and them – have been, are still, and will always be, absolutely implicit in creating as much as the ancient Greeks themselves.

The first episode of Michael Scott's Who Were the Greeks? will air on BBC Two on Thursday 27 June, at 9pm.
Michael will be live tweeting, answering questions and providing further information on the programme between 9pm and 10pm on Thursday 27 June and during the second episode on Thursday 4 July. Follow #WWTG and tweet your questions and comments to @drmichaelcscott

Saturday, 17 May 2014

Tombs and beliefs in Egypt

Tombs and beliefs


When were the pyramids built?
How many pyramids are there in Egypt?
Who build the pyramids?
What Are the Pyramids?
Did Aliens build the Pyramids?
Where are the pyramids in egypt
Why Are Pyramids Shaped the Way They Are?


Play the game: Link

Tuesday, 6 May 2014

Mesopotamian art

Look for the  reason why the headed winged bulls in sumerian art and the Gates of Ishtar in Neo-babylonian times were so important?

Monday, 21 April 2014

The fertile Crecent. Mesopotamia

The Fertile Crescent: You may read on the web that ancient Mesopotamia is nicknamed "The Fertile Crescent". It is true that ancient Mesopotamia is located inside the geographic region referred to as The Fertile Crescent. Today, The Fertile Crescent includes the countries of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Jordan, Palestine, Kuwait, the Sinai Peninsula, and Northern Mesopotamia. It is a big place.
A place where you con see one map of Mesopotamia.

The Land Between Two Rivers: Ancient Mesopotamia was located in a piece of The Fertile Crescent, in what is now southern Iraq. It covered an area about 300 miles long and about 150 miles wide. The word Mesopotamia actually means (in Greek) “the land between the rivers.” The two rivers referred to by the ancient Greeks are the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers.
Why would anyone wish to build a civilization in the middle of the desert in what is now lower Iraq? Because it was a great place to live!
In Northern Mesopotamia, the land is fertile. There is seasonal rain. The rivers and streams are fed from the hills and mountains of the region.
In Southern Mesopotamia, the land is mostly flat and barren. Temperatures can rise over 110 degrees Fahrenheit. There is very little rainfall. Storms do blow in from the Persian Gulf, which cools things off. The area does have slight seasons. It can get quite cool at certain times of the year.
Many thousands of years ago, early settlers wandered into the land between two rivers. Natural vegetation and wildlife kept the people well fed. The rivers provided fresh drinking water, and a place to bathe. These early people settled down, invented a system of irrigation, and began to farm the land ( link with ).
What do you think about the land between two rivers?
How is the mesopotamian geography?
What is the reason to use this land in their settlement?

Monday, 31 March 2014

Work in Castelo Branco

In our trip, we will make one Travel Diary of Benavente- Castelo Branco
The Travel Diary can  be made by  one or two person

Our Travel Diary will have:
  • Images of the different people and places you will know.
  • Itinerary: Dates, hours, features of the places
  • Foods and accommodation

Monday, 17 February 2014

European rivers

Major Rivers of EUROPE
Hundreds of rivers and their tributaries cross the European continent. Here we highlight those over 600 miles in length, and a few others of note.


Beginning in the Black Forest region of Germany, it flows across central Europe and the countries of Austria, Hungary, Croatia and Yugoslavia. It then forms the border between Romania and Bulgaria, turning north across Romania to eventually end in the Black Sea. It's (1,771 miles) (2,850 km) in length, and one of the most significant commercial waterways on the continent.


Rising in the southwestern part of the Russian Federation, it flows generally south through Belarus, then southeast through Ukraine, ending in the Black Sea. Overall it's (1,420 miles) (2,285 km) in length.


Beginning it the southwestern Russian Federation, to the south of Moscow, it flows southeasterly towards the Volga, then turns abruptly west, ending in the Sea of Azov. Overall it's (1,224 miles) (1,969 km) in length.


Forming in the Czech Republic, the Elbe River then flows north through Germany, ending in the North Sea near Cuxhaven. It's (724 miles) (1,165 km) in length.


Recognized as the longest river in France, the navigable Loire begins in the foothills of the Massif Central, then flows north and west across the heartland of France, finally ending in the Bay of Biscay. It's (634 miles) (1,020 km) in length.


Rising in the rugged mountains of the eastern Czech Republic, it flows west and north through south-central Poland, eventually emptying into the Baltic Sea. It's (567 miles) (912 km) in length.


Italy's longest river begins in the upper reaches of the Alps, flowing west to east across northern Italy, ending in the Adriatic Sea. It's (405 miles) (652 km) in length.


Forming in the mountains of southeastern Switzerland, this legendary river flows west, forming Switzerland's northeastern border with Germany, then runs directly north through western Germany forming part of that country's border with France, then finally dissecting the Netherlands and ending in the North Sea. Numerous tributaries and branches run in all directions, and in overall length is (820 miles) (1,319 km).


Begin high in the Swiss Alps, this fast moving river flows into the eastern end of Lake Geneva, then south through south-eastern France, emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. Small branches run in all directions, and in overall length, it's (300 miles) (485 km).


Rising in northwestern Ireland, it flows south through a series of lakes, then turns west to eventually empty into the Atlantic Ocean. It's 230 miles (370 km) in length.


The Tagus River rises in the central highlands of Spain, flowing southwest across Portugal, then south to Lisbon and the Atlantic Ocean. It's 626 miles (1,007 km) in length.


This historic river rises in western England in the Cotswold Hills, then flows east across southern England, (right through London) to empty into the North Sea. It's 210 miles (338 km) in length.


Rising on the slopes of the Carpathian Mountains in southwestern Poland, this river flows through the central part of that country, and on into the Baltic Sea. It's 675 miles (1,086 km) in length.


The Volga River, the largest and longest river system is Europe rises in the hills just northwest of Moscow, and then flows 2,300 miles (3,700 km) to the east and southeast before emptying into the Caspian Sea. More than 200 tributaries merge with the main river, including the Kama, Samara and Oka. And in fact, the Volga and its tributaries occupy a watershed covering about 560,000 sq. mi. (1,450,000 sq. km), which is almost 41% of the European landmass. When a series of canals were finished in the early 19th century - canals that eventually linked the Volga and the Baltic Sea - economic development along the river increased dramatically.

Task: Which are the top 10 main european rivers? Where are located?

Monday, 13 January 2014

Our environment: Benavente and Area

We will investigate two different subjects:
Foto de La Opinión de Zamora

A: landforms

  •      Dominant forms in the landscape: plateaus, plains, valleys. meandering rivers, hills, mountains,... Explain each other
  •      Pictures of our environment, these types of landscapes
  •      Examples of erosion

B: Type of landscape around us.
  • Benavente´s  climate
  • Type of vegetation in the area, images  and photographs
  • Ways to use the land by human beings
  • Main  crops