Thursday, 5 November 2015


Task: Make a summary
What is a volcano?
What are the different parts in a volcano?

Link here to know more
Explore some volcanoes

Wednesday, 28 October 2015

Deforming the Earth's Crust

This is a PowerPoint created to show rock deformities in the Earth's Crust
such as folds, faults, and types of mountain ranges.

Link to download

Wednesday, 7 October 2015

Times Zones

Use your book, page 21

  • How many time zones  is the Earth divided into?
  • Why are the Canary islands one hour behind the rest of Spain?
  • If you get to Sydney  at 0:00 hours (local time) What time would it  be  in Spain?
  • You take a flight from Madrid at 10 am, and arive in New York eight hours later. What time do you arrive?

 You need use this link to know the correct hours in every place.

Tuesday, 29 September 2015

Tuesday, 22 September 2015

La tierra en el Universo

Es sorprendente  el universo  y lo grande que es , y lo poco que sabemos de todo, y cómo todo resulta relativo. Es tan alucinante que se puede quedar uno con la boca abierta, espero que lo disfrutes, enlace

   The Size of All Planets Are Relative - video powered by Metacafe

Monday, 6 July 2015

Sunday, 5 July 2015

Working in Holidays

Throughout the holidays you would  have to work a little.
Some possibilities are:
  • Listening the videos or the CDs book
  • See some vídeos in this  blog and make a summary
  • See some film and make the summary
  • Read and make these activities:

    Sunday, 21 June 2015

    The last day of Pompeii

    Virtual Tour in  Pompeii , The Eruption of Vesubius, map of Pompeii, BBC

    Task, Investigate: 

    1. What caused the destruction of Pompeii? 
    2. When was Pompeii destroyed? 
    3. Explain why Pompeii is important to telling us how the Ancient Romans lived. Make sure to usecomplete sentences and give specific examples
     4. Describe how the archeologists were able to get very accurate information on what the peopleactually looked like 

    Friday, 19 June 2015


    The Colosseum was a huge public entertainment center.
    The Colosseum could seat 45,000 spectators. Some people were not lucky enough to have a seat in the Colosseum. If you didn't mind standing, the Colosseum could hold up to 70,000 spectators!
    This is where the ancient Romans gathered to watch bloody combat between gladiators, and battles between men and wild animals. This is where they threw people to the lions! To see men being killed was very entertaining to the ancient Romans. On occasion, they flooded the Colosseum with water, to hold naval battles. During the battles, many competitors died.
    The ancient Romans were great builders. They built things to last. The Colosseum was built of concrete, faced with stone, as were most amphitheaters. It was built in the early days of the Roman Empire, around 70 CE. It was designed to host huge spectacles. Anyone could attend the events in the Colosseum. Admission was free.

    • Describe the Colosseum.
    • Describe the gladiator. What type of gladiator are there? How do you know? (What is he wearing? What type of weapons is he using?)
    • Describe what happened during the event.
    • Describe the spectators. How do they react? How many are in the arena? What role do they play?
    • Where is the emperor? What role does he play in the games?
    • Describe the life and training of the gladiator.
        1. A top Roman magazine has sent a questionnaire to you, Rome’s most popular new gladiator, to fill in.
        2. Gladiator’s Today wants to make you a star, so tell them about yourself.
        3. Introduce yourself  How did you become a gladiator? (slave, criminal, chance of winning freedom
        4. What injuries have you suffered?
        5. Have you ever fought against animals? Which ones? (Elephants, tigers, rhinos, lions, cheetah)
        6. What is it like underneath the arena? (Corridors, hot, trapdoors, animals, gladiators)
        7. Can you tell us about the most spectacular show you’ve been involved in? (Battle recreation, sea battle, animal fight)
        8. Now tell us a bit more about yourself, and about life as a Gladiator

    Tuesday, 9 June 2015

    Government of Rome

     Evolution Map of Rome

    How did Rome get its name?

    How was Rome ruled?

    What was the Senates main job?

    What was discussed in the Senate?

    Who were the Roman Emperors?

     How was Eome governed?

    What was the Consul´s functions?

    BBC Link , pdf 1, doc

    Tuesday, 2 June 2015

    The Greek Gods

    Investigating gods and others myths

    You can use this link to answer these questions about: 
    • God of war and violence.
    • Goddess of daylight. 
    • God of time. 
    • Goddess of the Earth. 
    • God of the sea. 
    • Goddess of marriage. Wife of Zeus 
    • Goddess of beauty and love.
    • God of the heavens.
    • King of the underworld. God of the dead.
    • Goddess of agriculture.
    • God of darkness.
    • Goddess of the hearth.
    • God of love.
    • God of light, music, and poetry.
    • Goddess of wisdom.
    • God of fire and the forge.
    • God of thunder. King of the gods.
    • Goddess of the hunt and the moon.
    • Goddess of night.
    • Messenger of the gods
    • Number of labors Heracles had to do for King Eurystheus.
    • Weapon of Heracles.
    • A nine-headed monster that Heracles defeated.
    • A place where animals are kept.
    • Animal skin that Heracles wore.
    • Animals that Hera sent to kill Heracles when he was a baby.
    • How many days it took Heracles to clean the Augean stables. 
    • Greek hero with great strength. 
    • The father of Heracles. 
    • Three-headed dog that guards the gates to Hades. 
    • An animal that Heracles had to captures on Crete. 
    • Greek goddess who caused great trouble for Heracles. 
    • The god who helped Heracles get the apples of Hesperides.
    Monsters and others creatures 
    • A half-man and half-goat creature.
    • A monster that was half bull and half man that lived in a labyrinth.
    • A monster with a human head and lion's body that gave riddles to travelers.
    • A creature with the body of a horse and torso of a person.
    • A flying horse. 
    • A very large humanoid monster.
    • A giant with one eye.
    • Sea monsters that used beautiful singing to lure sailors to their doom.
    • A woman with snakes for hair. She could turn people to stone.
    • A serpent with seven heads. A monster with the body of a bird and the head of a woman.

    About Greece life

    Answer the questions using this link: BBC
    • Where Western civilization began?
    • What was the ancient Greece like?
    • How was Greece ruled?
    • When did Greece begin?
    • What was the Trojan War?
    • How did families and women live?
    • What kind of clothes did greeks wear?
    • Why Athens was great?
    • What were Greek temples like?
    • Whom did the Greeks fight?
    • How did Greaks fight at sea?
    We learned about Mytilene and its problems with Athens , in this link in activities click on Mytilene, a matter of life and death!, Send me a Summary of the story

    Tuesday, 5 May 2015

    King Tut Was Murdered

    King Tut Was Murdered
    By Kevin Meyer

    King Tutankhamen�s death is mysterious and the cause of death has not yet been figured out. To some, it was a fatal accident, to others it was an unforgettable murder. Surely it was murder, because of damage and a blood clot found in his skull, but who murdered him is the puzzling question. Anybody that had contact with the king could be accused or at least questioned.
    King Tut became king when he was approximately 8-9 years old. Evidence suggests that he was around 18- 19 years old when he died. This is, obviously, a young age to die. Howard Carter, an archaeologist who discovered King Tut�s tomb in 1922, also discovered his mummy. Current technology such as x-rays shows a huge bump on his head and bone fragments in his skull. Because of the physical evidence, the huge bump on his head and with the blood clot found there, King Tut was definitely murdered.

    Two minor suspects are the cupbearer and the king�s attendant. They are likely to be among the few that could approach the king without orders and or go into his bedroom when he was asleep. They surely had access and permission to go about in Tut�s room without permission.

    After Tut�s death, Ankhespaton, King Tut�s wife, sent away for a prince of the Hittites (Egypt�s enemies) that wasn�t part of the kingdom so that she didn�t have to marry Aye and she could still stay queen. The Hittite prince was murdered on the way to Egypt before he could marry Ankhespaton! Later Queen Ankhespaton mysteriously disappeared after finally marrying Aye the vizier for King Tut!

    Another possible suspect could be General Horemheb. He was the powerful army officer that eventually ascended to Tut�s throne. Horemheb was trusted by King Tut. It has already been stated that the Hittite prince on the way over to Egypt to marry Ankhespaton was murdered. Guess who sent orders to have him killed? Horemheb. He was the head of the military and he ordered soldiers to kill the prince. As an army official, Horemheb would be dishonest to investigators in order to keep his job. He wanted the prince dead so that Ankhespaton would have no choice; she would have to marry Aye. Later Horemheb did his best and succeeded in erasing Ankhespaton, Aye, and King Tutankhamen from the Royal Book of Kings and Queens.

    The last and most reasonable person who would want Tutankhamen dead would be Tut�s grandfather and also the vizier of Tut, Aye. He was very jealous that Tut became king when he was only eight or nine years old. A lot of evidence shows that Aye is a very reasonable suspect of killing Tutankhamen. After Tut�s death, Aye refused to start an investigation. He didn�t bother to research the dramatic story about Tut�s death and he advised other people not to either. Since people don�t know who murdered Tut Aye and Horemheb most likely were working together.

    King Tut was murdered by one of these people. It was a very unfortunate death. The dramatic research is still going on. Remember, King Tut died from something other than natural causes, his mummy shows it.

    You have to read the text and see the links and then, answer these questions:
    1. King Tuts nickname:
    2. Age when he became pharaoh:
    3. Age when he died:
    4. Fathers name:
    5. Wifes name:
    6. Who discovered his tomb:
    7. Location of tomb:
    8. Interesting fact about his reign:
    9. Something found in his tomb:
    10. How long he reigned:
    Send me the answers.

    Wednesday, 15 April 2015

    How to make a Sword?

     Overview of How to Make a Sword
    The two main parts of a sword are the blade and the hilt. The blade could be single edged or double edged. The hilt gives a firm grip to the swordsman. There are various types of swords.

    A fully equipped blacksmith workshop along with the requisite raw materials is the basic necessity of a sword making endeavor. Let us see the steps of how to make a sword. These steps are generic in the sense that depending on the kind of sword, you want to make, they may vary.

    Study the Sword Making Techniques and Decide A Design
    This is the first and most important part. An opportunity to see a real sword maker doing his thing, is the best form of education. So, see if a sword maker takes you in as an apprentice. You will get to learn on the job. Set up the forgery for the job. Decide on a design, dimensions and plan your procedure of making the sword, down to the last details. That way, the time spent in a forgery will be more productive.

    Forging the Sword
    The process of making a sword starts with forging. The metal bar from which you intend to make a sword is heated in a forge and hammered into shape. This is probably the most difficult of all the steps. Impulse needs to be delivered with the right power to mold the metal bar into the shape of a sword. The forging process involves repeated heating and hammering, till the desired shape has been achieved. This gives strength to the blade.

    Annealing the Sword
    Annealing is the most important part of forging. It involves heating the sword and making it cool slowly. This cooling process can be stretched to more than 24 hours. Annealing prepares the blade for the grinding part later.

    Grinding and Hardening the Sword
    Using a grinder and the force of friction, a sharp blade is methodically sculpted out of the forged metal, along with a sharp pointed tip. Engravings are made on the blade in this step. Then the sword is hardened by heating it to a high temperature and then cooling it suddenly by inserting it in a quenching or coolant tank.

    Tempering the Sword
    The last part is tempering the blade which again involves repeated cycles of heating to low temperatures and cooling. This gets rid of the brittleness of the sword. This final stage is the toughest and needs a lot of blacksmith skill.

    Putting the Finishing Touches
    Task: Explain with your words how to make a sword in the Metal Ages

    Tuesday, 14 April 2015


    3D Animation - world heritage “Stonehenge” from VIVESTUDIOS on Vimeo.

    Secrets of Stonehenge - Watch more funny videos here

    Otro vídeo en Castellano
    To know more Stonehenge

    TASK : Study the arrangement of stones shown in the video. Then answer these questions.

    • Describe the arrangement of stones. 
    • When early people built their stone monuments, they had to move huge stones to these site. Try you  to work out how they did it and then you explain to Ani and after that, you write for me by E-mail.

    Tuesday, 24 March 2015

    Megalithic Art

    In the late Neolithic Age, human beings built what we can call the first monuments using big blocks of stone, called megaliths (Big stones). The main monuments were menhirs, dolmens and cromlechs.

    Menhirs were big, long stones vertically driven into the ground. Menhirs were probably religious constructions dedicated to worship the sun.

    Dolmens were collective burial places. They were composed of big, long vertical stones which formed a wall and were covered by several horizontal slabs of a great size.

    Cromlechs were wide circles formed by several menhirs. They were probably used as sanctuaries

    Thursday, 19 March 2015

    Prehistory in the Iberian Peninsula

    Para ver dos documentales sobre la prehistoria en España puedes ver estos dos enlaces sobre La Memoria de España:

    Tuesday, 3 March 2015

    Physical features of Castilla y Leon

    Fill the physical map with the names of physical relief (mountains, river....). Identify the main cities and to do the answers. You can put colour in the mountainous regions.

    • Where is Castilla y León?
    • Which are the mountains between Castilla y León and the sea in north of Spain?
    • Which is the longest river in Castilla y León? and their tributaries?
    • What is the name of the highest mountain in Castilla y León? How high is it? Where is it?
    • What types of climates are there in Castilla y León?
    • What is the wettest part of Castilla y león? Why?
    • What are the climates and the lanscapes in your region? Write a short descripcion
    • Write the name of the mountain ranges which are surrounding Castilla y Leon.

    Friday, 27 February 2015

    What do you think about Spain´s climate like?

    arrow Climate Conditions in central and northern Spain are considered near-perfect in spring and late summer, as you avoid the oppressive heat of July and August, and the much colder conditions of late fall and winter.

    The 'Costa del Sol' and other southern coastal areas are pleasant throughout the year. Across the
    Andalucia Region (even in winter) the days are usually sunny and warm. In Andalucia summer months are frequently hot and humid, but manageable.

    For those seeking summer heat relief, the mountains are always a good choice, as well as the northern coastal areas from La Coruna to San Sabastian. In addition, the eastern Mediterranean coastal cities - from Barcelona south to Cartagena - and the Balearic Islands, are much more temperate.

    The central plateau (or Meseta) experiences dry, freezing conditions December - February, while summer temps regularly reach into the high 80's, with low 90's common in July and early August.

    The northern mountain areas - especially the Cantabrica and Pyrenees - are much colder in winter with heavy snowfall in the upper elevations.

    TASK: What do you think about Spain´s climate text? do you agree or disagree with it? Explain your answer.