Monday, 19 June 2017

Persians vs Greeks

About Greece life

Answer the questions using this link: BBC Bitesize  and BBC
  • Where Western civilization began?
  •  How did the Olympic Games begin?
  • What was the ancient Greece like?
  • How was Greece ruled?
  • When did Greece begin?
  • What was the Trojan War? 
  • Fighting formation. Weapons and armour in the Greek army
  • How did families and women live?
  • Why Athens was great? 
  • What was Greek fashion like?
We learned about Mytilene and its problems with Athens , in this link in activities click on Mytilene, a matter of life and death!, Send me a Summary of the story

Friday, 2 June 2017

Physical Greece map

Where it is Greece?
What are the geographical features of Greece?
What do you know about the physical Greece map?
Names the seas which are surrounding Greece.
Main islands in the Greek seas.
What is today the capital of Greece?
How did the mountains affect life in Greece?
How did the sea help the Greek economy?
Why did the Greeks learn trading with other peoples?

Greece islands: Game

Tuesday, 30 May 2017

Art in Egypt

Using your book and others materials make a presentation about the Egyptian art

Imperial History of the Middle East

Evolución animada de la Historia hasta casi nuestros días

Tuesday, 23 May 2017

Work with the first writing, code of Law and alphabet

1º Choose  a subject and write the ideas about your work, only to read 2 minutes
2ºRecord the sound in your home
3º Send me the files

Links to make the work:

The first writing  Writing in the ancient history  History of writing Code of Hammurabi Hammurabi´s Code Who created the alphabet   Alphabetic writings What was the first alphabet

Hatshepsut: Egypt's Famous Female Pharaoh

The history of Egypt is filled with exciting and unusual stories, perhaps none so much as that of Hatshepsut, a female pharaoh.

The granddaughter of the famous Amenhotep I, Hatshepsut wasn't really in line to be the king of Egypt, especially since she was a she. Males were the rulers in those days, and females were shut out of the line of succession.

But when her father, Tuthmose I, died, his son, Tuthmose II, became king. This Tuthmose was married to Hatshepsut. (Tuthmose I had two wives, Mountnofrit (the mother of Tuthmose II) and Aahmes (the mother of Hatshepsut).

Tuthmose II, archaeologists tell us, ruled only three or four years, dying of a skin disease. He had a son, who was Hatshepsut's nephew. This son, Tuthmose III, was very young when his father died. They ruled together for awhile, then Hatshepsut declared herself ruler.

Amazingly, she ruled for 15 years, while her nephew came of age. She wore the traditional clothing of the male pharaohs, and she had support of the Egyptian elders (including the powerful head priest of Amon) and the Egyptian people. No major wars were fought at this time, but the Egyptians did make expeditions to neighboring civilizations, spreading the word that their ruler was a woman.

After Hatshepsut's death, Tuthmose III was so jealous of her that he ordered her monuments obscured and all mention of her erased from the walls of temples and other important buildings. Since the ancient Egyptians believed that a person's spirit lived on as long as his or her name was carved into a wall, Tuthmose's decision to erase his hated aunt's name was probably because he thought that he would destroy her spirit as well.

But her name lives on, as an example of the power that one woman can possess if she sets her mind to achieving it. In a time when women were thought of as second-class citizens, good only for delivering sons who would be kings, Hatshepsut was the ruler herself, and she did it for 15 years. Courageous, strong-willed, and dynamic, Hatshepsut has passed on her name to the list of famous women in history.

What dou know about Hatshepsut: Egypt's Famous Female Pharaoh? Write about ten lines, at least.

Tuesday, 16 May 2017

The fertile Crecent. Mesopotamia

The Fertile Crescent: You may read on the web that ancient Mesopotamia is nicknamed "The Fertile Crescent". It is true that ancient Mesopotamia is located inside the geographic region referred to as The Fertile Crescent. Today, The Fertile Crescent includes the countries of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Jordan, Palestine, Kuwait, the Sinai Peninsula, and Northern Mesopotamia. It is a big place.
A place where you con see one map of Mesopotamia.

The Land Between Two Rivers: Ancient Mesopotamia was located in a piece of The Fertile Crescent, in what is now southern Iraq. It covered an area about 300 miles long and about 150 miles wide. The word Mesopotamia actually means (in Greek) “the land between the rivers.” The two rivers referred to by the ancient Greeks are the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers.
Why would anyone wish to build a civilization in the middle of the desert in what is now lower Iraq? Because it was a great place to live!
In Northern Mesopotamia, the land is fertile. There is seasonal rain. The rivers and streams are fed from the hills and mountains of the region.
In Southern Mesopotamia, the land is mostly flat and barren. Temperatures can rise over 110 degrees Fahrenheit. There is very little rainfall. Storms do blow in from the Persian Gulf, which cools things off. The area does have slight seasons. It can get quite cool at certain times of the year.
Many thousands of years ago, early settlers wandered into the land between two rivers. Natural vegetation and wildlife kept the people well fed. The rivers provided fresh drinking water, and a place to bathe. These early people settled down, invented a system of irrigation, and began to farm the land ( link with ).
What do you think about the land between two rivers?
How is the mesopotamian geography?
What is the reason to use this land in their settlement?

Monday, 15 May 2017

Egypt geography

1. What is today the capital of Egypt? _______________________
2. What sea borders Egypt to the north? _______________________
3. What is the name of the canal that divides mainland Egypt from the Sinai Peninsula? _______________________
4. What is the name of the major river that flows through Egypt? _______________________
5. What is the name of the desert that borders Egypt to the west? _______________________
6. What is the name of the country that borders Egypt to the south? _______________________
7. The Aswan Dam is at one end of which lake? _______________________
8. If you wanted to travel from Cairo to Alexandria, in which direction would you head?

Sunday, 14 May 2017

Vocabulary. Unit 9

  • First of all you have to do the glosary in the end of your book.
  • Second, you have to look for the meaning of these words and write them in english;
You need to know these words and your meanings for the next exam. I´m going to ask you.
River civilizations
Civil servant
Old kingdom
Hierarchical society
Middle kingdom
Cuneiform writing
New kingdom
Sumerian period
Flooded and dams

Tuesday, 9 May 2017


Stonehenge 1 minute from Nathan Allard on Vimeo.

To know more Stonehenge

How to make a Sword?

 Overview of How to Make a Sword
The two main parts of a sword are the blade and the hilt. The blade could be single edged or double edged. The hilt gives a firm grip to the swordsman. There are various types of swords.

A fully equipped blacksmith workshop along with the requisite raw materials is the basic necessity of a sword making endeavor. Let us see the steps of how to make a sword. These steps are generic in the sense that depending on the kind of sword, you want to make, they may vary.

Study the Sword Making Techniques and Decide A Design
This is the first and most important part. An opportunity to see a real sword maker doing his thing, is the best form of education. So, see if a sword maker takes you in as an apprentice. You will get to learn on the job. Set up the forgery for the job. Decide on a design, dimensions and plan your procedure of making the sword, down to the last details. That way, the time spent in a forgery will be more productive.

Forging the Sword
The process of making a sword starts with forging. The metal bar from which you intend to make a sword is heated in a forge and hammered into shape. This is probably the most difficult of all the steps. Impulse needs to be delivered with the right power to mold the metal bar into the shape of a sword. The forging process involves repeated heating and hammering, till the desired shape has been achieved. This gives strength to the blade.

Annealing the Sword
Annealing is the most important part of forging. It involves heating the sword and making it cool slowly. This cooling process can be stretched to more than 24 hours. Annealing prepares the blade for the grinding part later.

Grinding and Hardening the Sword
Using a grinder and the force of friction, a sharp blade is methodically sculpted out of the forged metal, along with a sharp pointed tip. Engravings are made on the blade in this step. Then the sword is hardened by heating it to a high temperature and then cooling it suddenly by inserting it in a quenching or coolant tank.

Tempering the Sword
The last part is tempering the blade which again involves repeated cycles of heating to low temperatures and cooling. This gets rid of the brittleness of the sword. This final stage is the toughest and needs a lot of blacksmith skill.

Putting the Finishing Touches
Task: Explain with your words how to make a sword in the Metal Ages

Tuesday, 2 May 2017

Put on the map the names of Spain rivers.

Prehistoric objects

Investigate and write about the next pictures for every image, these questions:
What is it? It is a...........
How was it used ? It was used for......


 Link to the Lascaux cave and  you talk with Ross about the cave painting

Monday, 24 April 2017

Vocabulario tema 8

Paleolithic Age
It is a Prehistoric Ages. It extends from the emergence of our firs Antecessor to about 11000 years ago.
Neolithic Age
It is a Prehistoric Ages.  It began about 11000 tears ago. Groups of human beings started to live in villages.  They practised agriculture and raised cattle.
Metal Age
It is a Prehistoric Ages. It began about 7000 years ago. Human beings learned to use metals to make objects.
Homo Habilis
It is a Human species. These appeared two million years ago. Their brain was bigger. Their name habilis mans skilful. They made stone tools and lived from hunting and gathering.
Homo Erectus
It is a Human species. These appeared one and a half million years ago. They walked upright. This was the first species to live outside Africa. They lived in Europe and Asia. They discovered fire.
It was also found in Atapuerca. It is not King Arthur's sword. It is an extraordinary biface of beautiful red quartize.
It is when the people moved from one place to another in the Paleolithic Age.
Neolithic Revolution
Neolithic means new stone. Howeder it was not just the technology of stone instruments of stone instruments which was new. There were other important changes.
It is an object in the Metal Ages which greatly improved transport.
It is an object in the Metal Ages which made working the land easier and faster.
Was single long vertical stones. They were probably connected to the cult of the Sun.
Stone Circles
Were wide circles formed by several menhirs. They probably had a religious function.
It is a Human species. These appeared about five million years ago. They wee very similar to chimpanzees. However the Australopithecus normally walked on two feet.
Homo Antecessor
It is a Human species. They were the oldest human remains in Europe, that  appeared in Atapuerca Spain. They are 8000000 years ago.
Homo Neanderthal
It is a Human species. They were a different specie who lived in Europe 150000 years ago. They were stronger than we are but shorter. They were the first species to bury their dead. It seems they were able to speak.
Homo Sapiens
It is a Human species. Our specie appeared in Africa about 130000 years ago. Homo sapiens were slimmer but taller than Neanderthals. They enjoyed greater intellectual development. They were able to make finer tools. They developed a more complex language the ability to interact whit other human beings and to cooperate. They also created art.
It is one of the most interesting and beautiful sites relating to human evolution. This archaeological site is near Burgos in the north of Spain. It was found accidentally in the nineteenth century when a trench for a mining train was being built. However the most important discoveries have been made very recently.
It is a prehistoric stone tool, made with two faces.
Palaeolithic Arte
It is a type of art, called cave art. About 35000 years ago human beings started decorating caves with paintings.
It is a Neolithic object. They used clay vessels to store cereal and bowls to eat and cook.
It is an object in the Metal Ages which meant that ships could be bigger because they used the force of the wind.
Neolithic monuments
It were monuments built with big blocks of stone in the last years of the Neolithic Age and during the Metal Ages. They  were called megaliths.
They were complex constructions. Vertical stones covered by horizontal blocks. They were used as burial places.
The ruins at Stonehenge are the remains of a stone circle. The enormous stones which form the outside circle weigh around 25 tons each. The stones inside are even bigger. Archaeologists believe that Stonehenge was built over 5000 years ago but they do not agree about its function. Most people thick it is connected to the cult of the Sun. However it could also be an astrological observatory.

Vocabulary. Unit 8

  • First of all you have to do the glosary in the end of your book.
  • Second, you have to look for the meaning of these words and write them in english;
You need to know these words and your meanings for the next exam. I´m going to ask you.

Paleolithic Age Australopithecus
Neolithic Age Homo Antecessor
Metal Age Homo Neanderthal
Homo habilis Homo Sapiens
Homo Erectus Atapuerca
Fertility  cults Biface
Nomadic Peleolithic Art
Neolithic Revolution Pottery
Wheel Sail
Plough Neolithic monuments
Mehir Dolmens
Stone Circles Stonehenge

Tuesday, 18 April 2017

Human beings and our ancestros

Comparison between Human beings and our ancestors.

Look  the pictures and write the similarities versus the differences

Talks with Ross and send me the chart

Similarities Differences

Monday, 17 April 2017

Physical America

  • Where is America ?
  • What two bodies of water separate America from Europe and Asia?
  • Which ocean is on America´s west coast?
  • Which ocean is on east coast?
  • Which is the longest river in America?
  • What is the name of the hightest mountain in America? How high is it? Where is it?

Tuesday, 4 April 2017

Physical Spain

Answer these questions.

  • Where is Spain?

  • What physical relief separate Spain from Africa?

  • What two mountain separate Spain from Europe

  • Which ocean is on Europe’s west coast?

  • Which sea is on north coast?

  • Which sea is on southeast coast?

  • Which is the longest river in Spain?

  • What is the name of the highest mountain in Spain? How high is it? Where is it?

  • Do you know the names of some volcanoes in Spain?

  • What types of climates are there in Spain?
  • What are Spain´s climate like?
TASK: Place on the map the relief names

Tuesday, 28 March 2017

Describing landscapes

With Ross, describe him this landscape of  Castilla and Leon: soil, climate, wildlife and vegetation. You can use your knowledges about mediterranean climate. How will be its rainfull, its average of temperatures, ... It ´s your region. What do you know about it?.

Send me your writing description

Physical Europe

Answer these questions.
  • Where is Europe?
  • What body of water separate Europe from Africa?
  • What two mountain separate Asia from Europe
  • Which ocean is on Europe’s west coast?
  • Which ocean is on north coast?
  • Which seas are on southeast coast?
  • Which is the longest river in Europe?
  • What is the name of the highest mountain in Europe? How high is it? Where is it?
  • Do you know the names of any volcanoes in Europe?
  • What causes volcanoes?
  • What types of climates are there in Europe?
  • What are Europe´s climate like?

Tuesday, 21 March 2017

Physical Asia

  • Where is Asia ?
  • What body of water separate Asia from Africa?
  • What two mountain separate Asia from Europe
  • Which ocean is on Asia’s west coast?
  • Which ocean is on north coast?
  • Which ocean is on south coast?
  • Which is the longest river in Asia?
  • What is the name of the highest mountain in Asia? How high is it? Where is it?

Sunday, 19 March 2017

Vocabulary Unit 5

Rainforest: It is the characteristic landscape of equatorial zones with high trees, always dense and green .
Canopy: It is place in rainforest at the top of the tree.
Dunes: They are elevations of the desert terrain, only made with sand.
Sandy desert: It is a type of desert made with a lot of sand.
Rocky desert: it is a type of desert made with great rocks.
Stony desert: it is a type of desert made with a lot of fragments of rocks.
Tuaregs: they are the inhabitants of the Sahara desert.
Mongols: they are the inhabitants of Mongolia
Mediterranean landscapes: the landscapes of the Mediterranean climate. There are trees such as holm oaks and pine trees. There are also shrubs and plants like lavender.
Desert landscapes:It is the landscapes of the desert climate. The lack of water makes vegetation scarce. There are only some species adapted to dry conditions such as cacti.
Taiga: Type of forest, characteristic of Siberia and northern Russia and formed of conifers.
Tundra: It is a Polar landscape with moss, lichens and small trees.
Alpine landscapes: It is the landscapes of the alpine climate where the vegetation changes from one part of a mountain to another.
Savannah: it is a huge plain located in tropical climates where the vegetation is formed by tall grass prairies and some trees or scattered shrubs growing among the grass.
Grassland: it is the savannha, a zone where the vegetation consists of grasses and shrubs.
Emergent tree: it is a very tall tree typical of rainforest.
Polar landscapes: the landscapes of the polar climate, characterized by ice and snow where vegetation is unable to grow. There is only tundra in the areas near the temperate zones that have a short summer.
Oceanic landscapes: the landscapes of the oceanic climate. Vegetation is abundant and the landscape is mainly green with extensive meadows.
Mountain landscapes: It is the landscapes of the mountain climate, that is different from low level to high level .
Continental landscapes: It is the landscapes of the continental climate. There are coniferous forest or taigas in the colder zones, prairies of tall grass in warmer areas and steppes of low grass in dry areas.
Meadows: they are a type of grasslands own of oceanic landscape.
Deciduous forest: It is the forest whose trees lose their leaves during a part of the year.
Coniferous forest: it is a forest consisting of conifers such as pines and firs, associated with cold climates.
Steppes: they are flat areas with herbaceous vegetation, typical of extreme weather and low rainfall.
Prairies: grasslands, meadows.

Tuesday, 14 March 2017

Physical Africa

  • Where is Africa?
  • What two bodies of water separate Africa from Europe and Asia?
  • Which ocean is on Africa´s west coast?
  • Which ocean is on east coast?
  • Which is the longest river in Africa?
  • What is the name of the higtest mountain in Africa?
  • How high is it?
  • Where is it?

Tuesday, 7 March 2017

The biggest tree

General Sherman
Read and talk with Ross

In terms of sheer volume, the giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) known as General Sherman is a monster of a tree -- at 52,508 cubic feet, it's the world's largest tree, and perhaps the world's largest living thing. General Sherman is located in California's Sequoia National Park and is one of the park's premier attractions. The closest rival is a coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), nicknamed Lost Monarch, located somewhere in Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park in northern California. Lost Monarch measures about 42,500 cubic feet.  Use the link

Link, the biggest tree in spanish

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