Monday, 24 April 2017

Vocabulary. Unit 8

Homework:
  • First of all you have to do the glosary in the end of your book.
  • Second, you have to look for the meaning of these words and write them in english;
You need to know these words and your meanings for the next exam. I´m going to ask you.

Paleolithic Age Australopithecus
Neolithic Age Homo Antecessor
Metal Age Homo Neanderthal
Homo habilis Homo Sapiens
Homo Erectus Atapuerca
Fertility  cults Biface
Nomadic Peleolithic Art
Neolithic Revolution Pottery
Wheel Sail
Plough Neolithic monuments
Mehir Dolmens
Stone Circles Stonehenge

Tuesday, 18 April 2017

Human beings and our ancestros

Comparison between Human beings and our ancestors.

Look  the pictures and write the similarities versus the differences

Talks with Ross and send me the chart


Similarities Differences
















Monday, 17 April 2017

Physical America


  • Where is America ?
  • What two bodies of water separate America from Europe and Asia?
  • Which ocean is on America´s west coast?
  • Which ocean is on east coast?
  • Which is the longest river in America?
  • What is the name of the hightest mountain in America? How high is it? Where is it?

Tuesday, 4 April 2017

Physical Spain

Answer these questions.

  • Where is Spain?

  • What physical relief separate Spain from Africa?

  • What two mountain separate Spain from Europe

  • Which ocean is on Europe’s west coast?

  • Which sea is on north coast?

  • Which sea is on southeast coast?

  • Which is the longest river in Spain?

  • What is the name of the highest mountain in Spain? How high is it? Where is it?

  • Do you know the names of some volcanoes in Spain?

  • What types of climates are there in Spain?
  • What are Spain´s climate like?
TASK: Place on the map the relief names

Tuesday, 28 March 2017

Describing landscapes

With Ross, describe him this landscape of  Castilla and Leon: soil, climate, wildlife and vegetation. You can use your knowledges about mediterranean climate. How will be its rainfull, its average of temperatures, ... It ´s your region. What do you know about it?.


Send me your writing description

Physical Europe


Answer these questions.
  • Where is Europe?
  • What body of water separate Europe from Africa?
  • What two mountain separate Asia from Europe
  • Which ocean is on Europe’s west coast?
  • Which ocean is on north coast?
  • Which seas are on southeast coast?
  • Which is the longest river in Europe?
  • What is the name of the highest mountain in Europe? How high is it? Where is it?
  • Do you know the names of any volcanoes in Europe?
  • What causes volcanoes?
  • What types of climates are there in Europe?
  • What are Europe´s climate like?

Tuesday, 21 March 2017

Physical Asia


  • Where is Asia ?
  • What body of water separate Asia from Africa?
  • What two mountain separate Asia from Europe
  • Which ocean is on Asia’s west coast?
  • Which ocean is on north coast?
  • Which ocean is on south coast?
  • Which is the longest river in Asia?
  • What is the name of the highest mountain in Asia? How high is it? Where is it?

Sunday, 19 March 2017

Vocabulary Unit 5

Rainforest: It is the characteristic landscape of equatorial zones with high trees, always dense and green .
Canopy: It is place in rainforest at the top of the tree.
Dunes: They are elevations of the desert terrain, only made with sand.
Sandy desert: It is a type of desert made with a lot of sand.
Rocky desert: it is a type of desert made with great rocks.
Stony desert: it is a type of desert made with a lot of fragments of rocks.
Tuaregs: they are the inhabitants of the Sahara desert.
Mongols: they are the inhabitants of Mongolia
Mediterranean landscapes: the landscapes of the Mediterranean climate. There are trees such as holm oaks and pine trees. There are also shrubs and plants like lavender.
Desert landscapes:It is the landscapes of the desert climate. The lack of water makes vegetation scarce. There are only some species adapted to dry conditions such as cacti.
Taiga: Type of forest, characteristic of Siberia and northern Russia and formed of conifers.
Tundra: It is a Polar landscape with moss, lichens and small trees.
Alpine landscapes: It is the landscapes of the alpine climate where the vegetation changes from one part of a mountain to another.
Savannah: it is a huge plain located in tropical climates where the vegetation is formed by tall grass prairies and some trees or scattered shrubs growing among the grass.
Grassland: it is the savannha, a zone where the vegetation consists of grasses and shrubs.
Emergent tree: it is a very tall tree typical of rainforest.
Polar landscapes: the landscapes of the polar climate, characterized by ice and snow where vegetation is unable to grow. There is only tundra in the areas near the temperate zones that have a short summer.
Oceanic landscapes: the landscapes of the oceanic climate. Vegetation is abundant and the landscape is mainly green with extensive meadows.
Mountain landscapes: It is the landscapes of the mountain climate, that is different from low level to high level .
Continental landscapes: It is the landscapes of the continental climate. There are coniferous forest or taigas in the colder zones, prairies of tall grass in warmer areas and steppes of low grass in dry areas.
Meadows: they are a type of grasslands own of oceanic landscape.
Deciduous forest: It is the forest whose trees lose their leaves during a part of the year.
Coniferous forest: it is a forest consisting of conifers such as pines and firs, associated with cold climates.
Steppes: they are flat areas with herbaceous vegetation, typical of extreme weather and low rainfall.
Prairies: grasslands, meadows.

Tuesday, 14 March 2017

Physical Africa


  • Where is Africa?
  • What two bodies of water separate Africa from Europe and Asia?
  • Which ocean is on Africa´s west coast?
  • Which ocean is on east coast?
  • Which is the longest river in Africa?
  • What is the name of the higtest mountain in Africa?
  • How high is it?
  • Where is it?

Tuesday, 7 March 2017

The biggest tree

General Sherman
Read and talk with Ross

In terms of sheer volume, the giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) known as General Sherman is a monster of a tree -- at 52,508 cubic feet, it's the world's largest tree, and perhaps the world's largest living thing. General Sherman is located in California's Sequoia National Park and is one of the park's premier attractions. The closest rival is a coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), nicknamed Lost Monarch, located somewhere in Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park in northern California. Lost Monarch measures about 42,500 cubic feet.  Use the link

Link, the biggest tree in spanish


What do you like in this news? Send me the answer by email

Monday, 6 March 2017

Vocabulary .Unit 5

Homework:
  • First of all you have to do the glosary in the end of your book.
  • Second, you have to look for the meaning of these words and write them in english;
You need to know these words and their meanings for the next exam. I´m going to ask you.

Rainforest
Canopy
Dunes
Sandy desert
Rocky desert
Stony desert
Tuaregs
Mongols
Mediterranean landscapes
Desert landscapes
Taiga
Tundra
Alpine Landscapes
Savannah
Grassland
Emergent tree
Polar landscapes
Oceanic landscapes
Mountain landscapes
Continental landscapes
Meadows
Deciduous forest
Coniferous forest
Stepps
Prairies

Out of Africa

Out of Africa from Arthur Machado on Vimeo.

Tuesday, 28 February 2017

Climate graphs




We are going to do the next Climate graphs.  Use your book to make the climate graphs. You can use these ideas to explain  how is  the climate,  but in english.

Wednesday, 22 February 2017

Map Skills Climate zones and latitude Belts

Natural and humanized landscapes

Natural and humanized landscapes

Landscape Where?? Climate and features Vegetation/
Natural landscapes
Human impact
Rainforest












Savannah










Desert












Oceanic












Mediterranean












Continetal












Polar












Mountain













Monday, 20 February 2017

Climate graphs

To work in class and at home.
It is necessary make this climate graphs and explain it.


Analyse the climograp.

1. What are temperatures like? Analyse: Whes is it the maximum-minimum temperature, the averages of temperatures,  the diference betwen the highest and the lowest temperatures.

2.  and precipitation? The total  rain, when fall, number ot months with rain and without aridity?

3. What type of climate is shown?
4. Which vegetation is characteristic of this climate?

Saturday, 18 February 2017

Climate graphs: Skills pod animation from GCSE Geography Kerboodle

Describing Landscapes





    1. Describing these landscapes
    2. What difference can you see between them?
    3. Why are the landscapes so different?
    4. What difficulties would there be for people living in these environments?
    5. What are the name of these landscapes.
    6. Where are they in the world?
    7. Would you like to live in them?


    Talk and explain  to Ross and send me the answers of these activities by E-mail

    Tuesday, 7 February 2017

    Making a Presentation

    We are to make a presentation of the physical reliefs in the continents. All type of relief: seas, mountain ranges, islands, plateaus, gulfs,  rivers, lakes, deserts climates, ....

    We use the information in your  book, unit 6,  to show Africa, Asia, America, Oceania and Europe.

    In the presentation it place the main ideas next to a map  and some images of the relief.



    We work with a partner, and we make the presentation with Drive. Send me after you finish the activity. You can show in class.

    Tuesday, 31 January 2017

    Types of rainfall


    There are three common types of rainfall, all of which occur in Spain. All have the common theme of air being forced to rise.
    As air rises it cools it cannot hold as much moisture as it could when it was warmer. Eventually the rising air reaches a point where it is 100% saturated, in other words it cannot hold any more water. This is called dew point, and it is above this point that condensation occurs.
    Condensation is the process by which the water vapour (a gas) held in the air is turned back into water droplets (a liquid), which fall as rain.
    Very common in areas where the ground is heated by the hot sun, such as the Tropics. This is why those areas experience heavy rainfalls most afternoons. The United Kingdom does experience some convectional rainfall during the summer, particularly in the South East of the country.
    Convectional rainfall occurs when:
    • The surface of the earth is heated by the sun.
    • The warm surface heats the air above it. Hot air always rises so this newly heated air does so.
    • As it rises the air-cools and begins to condensate.
    • Further rising and cooling causes a large amount of condensation to occur and rain is formed.
    Convection tends to produce towering cumulo-nimbus clouds, which produce heavy rain and possible thunder and lightning.

    The United Kingdom experiences a lot of frontal rainfall, as it is associated with the movement of depressions over the country, which are described in more detail elsewhere in this topic.
    Frontal rainfall occurs when:
    • Two air masses meet, one a warm air mass and one a cold air mass.
    • The lighter, less dense, warm air is forced to rise over the denser, cold air.
    • This causes the warm air to cool and begin to condense.
    • As the warm air is forced to rise further condensation occurs and rain is formed.
    • Frontal rain produces a variety of clouds, which bring moderate to heavy rainfall.



    This is also called orographic rainfall, which is very common in the United Kingdom, especially on the West coast since the prevailing weather comes from that direction.
    Relief Rainfall occurs when:
    • The prevailing winds pick up moisture from the sea as they travel across it, making the air moist.
    • The moist air reaches the coast and is forced to rise over mountains and hills.
    • This forces the air to cool and condense, forming clouds.
    • The air continues to be forced over the mountains and so it drops its moisture as relief rain.
    • Once over the top of the mountain the air will usually drop down the other side, warming as it does so. This means it has a greater ability to carry water moisture and so there is little rain on the far side of the mountain. This area is called the rain shadow. ( link to this material)
    Activity: Read the texts. Prepare these materials with your words to explain the different three types of rainfall that there are.  You can use this other link

    Monday, 30 January 2017

    Vocabulary. Unit 4

    Weather: It refers to the state of the atmosphere in a place at a specific time.
    Climate: It refers to the state of the atmosphere in a place over a long period of time.
    Weather station: The place where it studies the weather and climate.
    Axis: It is the point where the Earth rotates.
    Orbits: It is the way that follows the Earth in her revolution around the Sun.
    Cold zone: It is the zone whithin the polar circle. In this area, the temperatures are always cold.
    Latitude: It consists that the areas near the Equator rain more than the other areas.
    Altitude:It consists that it rains more in high areas than in low areas.
    Inland climates: It is a climate which is much hotter in summer and much colder in winter.
    Humidity: It is amount of water vapor in the air.
    Anticyclones: It is areas with a high pressure.
    Depressions: It is areas with a low pressure.
    Anticlockwise: It is the opposite sense to the clock wise.
    Average temperature: It is the average of the temperatures in an area.
    Maximum temperature: It is the highest temperature of an area.
    Minimum temperature: It is the lowest temperature in an area.
    Jet Stream: It is a wind that blows from east to west and it is found in the temperate zones.
    Global wind patterns: It is the group of every winds on the Earth.
    Doldrums: It is a place where the wind don't blow
    Sea breeze: It is a type of synoptic winds which is blowing from the sea towards the land by day.
    Rotation: It is when the Earth spins on a imaginary straight line called axis.
    Revolution around the Sun: It is the movement of the Earth around the Sun. That produces the year and the seasons.
    Equinoxes: It is the moment that mark the beginning of Autumn and spring
    Solstices: It is the moment that mark the beginning of winter and summer.
    Thermometer: It is the tool necessary to measured the temperature.
    Hot zone:It is the zone where the Sun's rays reach the earth in perpendicular angle all year round, so temperatures are always high.
    Temperate zone: It is the zone between the tropics and polar circle. In this area the temperatures are temperate.
    Precipitation:It is droplets that fall on the Earth's surface.
    Convectional rain: This is a type of rainfall characteristic of hot climates.
    Orographic/ Relief rain: This is a type of rainfall characteristic of mountains regions.
    Frontal rain: This is a type of rainfall takes place at the boundary, between a mass of warm air and a mass of cold air.
    Front: It is the boundary between different air masses.
    Atmospheric pressure: It is the force exerted at a specific point on the Earth´s surface by the weight of the air above it.
    Prevailing winds: These winds always blow in the same direction.
    Periodic winds: These winds change direction seasonally.
    Seasons:Different moments around the year when temperatures and rainfalls change. It are produced with the orbit of the Earth.
    Synoptic winds: These winds change daily.
    Trade wind: These are winds influenced by the surrounding geography.
    Water vapor: It is the water evaporated.
    Land breeze: It is a type of breeze given in the land.

    Monday, 23 January 2017

    Interpreting a weather map

    Today's weather forecast map for Europe
    Metereologits make weather maps with data sent by satellites. A weather map usually includes information about atmospheric pressure at sea level.
    • Isobars are the lines connecting points of equal pressure
    • The H indicates high pressure
    • The L indicates low pressure
    • Fronts are drawn with jagged line
    • Wind sometimes are represented by arrow.
    • The closer the isobars are to each other, the stronger the wind are.
    TASK
    Explain what the following represent.
    • The lines
    • the letters H and L
    • The jagged lines
    Describe what the weather will be like
    • In hight pressure areas
    • In low pressure areas
    • In areas affected by a front
    Link:

    Tuesday, 17 January 2017

    Environmental Problems´ Presentation

    We will go to make a Power Point about the environmental problems. You can look for ideas  in  your book, pag 64-65 or in these links:
    These  presentations will make in  groups of 2 people. You send me your work.  Some groups  show us your presentation in class.