Wednesday, 18 October 2017

Eart 100 million Years from now

Practicing maps

To learn physical map we need practice

How Noth America go its shape

Continents, countries, and even mountain ranges didn't always look the way they look now. Millions of years ago, every continent had a different shape. The force that changes continents and mountains is called tectonics, and each continent sits on a tectonic plate.

Read pages 28 and 29 in the textbook, and answer the questions.
Also think about why tectonic plates, volcanoes, and earthquakes are connected. link

After watching the video, answer:
  • What happens when one plate goes underneath another? 
  • What did the continents look like  millions of years ago? 
  • What does "rift" mean? 
  • Name the different tectonic plates in this region

Wednesday, 11 October 2017

The 15 most amazing landforms

Shaped and sculpted over millions of years, these stunning landscapes and rock formations hold invaluable clues to Earth's past and future ( link to the BBC page)

Vocabulary Unit 2

Unit 2
  • Alluvial plain
  • Archipelago
  • Basin
  • Bay
  • Canyon
  • Cape
  • Cliff
  • Continental Drift
  • Continental shelf
  • Continental slope
  • Core
  • Crater
  • Crust
  • Delta
  • Earthquake
  • Erosion
  • Estuary
  • Fault
  • Fluvial erosión
  • Fold
  • Gulf
  • Island
  • Istmus
  • Lava
  • Lower course
  • Lower mantle
  • Magma
  • Mantle
  • Marine Erosion
  • Middle course
  • Mountain
  • Mountain range
  • Ocean Ridge
  • Ocean Trench
  • Peninsula
  • Pipe
  • Plain
  • Plateau
  • Sediment
  • Solution
  • Tectonic Plate
  • Tsunamic
  • Upper course
  • Upper mantle
  • Valley
  • Volcano
  • Waterfall
  • You have to look for the meaning of these words and write in english about them ;
You need to know these words and your meanings for the next exam. I´m going to ask you.

Describing landscapes

Describe  to James these landscapes using the words that you know.
After that, send me a e-mail with the writing description.

Ver DELTA DEL EBRO ACCESIBLE en un mapa más grande

Wednesday, 4 October 2017

Times Zones

Use your book, page 21

  • How many time zones  is the Earth divided into?
  • Why are the Canary islands one hour behind the rest of Spain?
  • If you get to Sydney  at 0:00 hours (local time) What time would it  be  in Spain?
  • You take a flight from Madrid at 10 am, and arive in New York eight hours later. What time do you arrive? 
  • Make the activity 2 in your book

 You need use this link to know the correct hours in every place.

Speaking activity

Tuesday, 3 October 2017

Vocabulary Unit 1

  • Cardinal Points: we use it to establish direction. The principal cardinal points are north, south, east and west.
  • Graphic scale: It is the way to relate the reality with the map. It is a bar divided into equal segments (1 cm).
  • Longitude: It is measured by using the meridians which start at the prime meridian.
  • Meridian: It  is a semicircle which go from one pole to the other.
  • Prime meridian: It is the point of reference for other meridians. It divides the Earth into two hemispheres.
  • Compass: It is an instrument with a magnetic needle which always points north.
  • Hemisphere: It is each part of Earth dividing for prime meridian (the western hemisphere and the eastern hemisphere) or for the equator (the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere).
  • Numeric scale: It is expressed as a fraction. The numerator represents a unit on the map. The denominator represents its size in the real world.
  • Political map: It gives information on political organisation, such as international or regional frontiers.
  • Thematic map: It gives information on particular subjects, such us climate or vegetation.
  • Geographical coordinate: They are latitude and longitude. It´s indicate the exact location of a place on the Earth.
  • Latitude: It is measured by using the parallels which start at the equator.
  • Parallel: It is a circle which is perpendicular to the meridian.
  • Physical map: It gives information on relief, and show features such as rivers.

Monday, 2 October 2017

Different ways of representing the Earth

Look at this aerial photograph of the United States. Answer these questions in your notebook or  by e-mail.

  • What features can you see in this photograph?
  •  Can you see the area clearly? Can you see details or just a general view?
  •  What is the purpose of aerial photographs? Where are they taken from?
 This map shows the same part of the Earth as the photograph. Answer these questions.

  • Is the map identical to the photo?
  • Which countries are on the map?
  • Are aerial photographs useful in making maps? Why?

Types of maps

There are many types of maps.  Today, we will look at relief maps that show topography, population maps that show density, and different types of thematic maps.

Look at the thematic maps slide show.  What does each map show us?

Wednesday, 27 September 2017

Monday, 25 September 2017

The Size of All Planets Are Relative

Vocabulary Unit 1

Unit 1
  • Cardinal Points
  • Graphic scale
  • Longitude
  • Meridian
  • Prime meridian
  • Compass
  • Hemisphere
  • Numeric scale
  • Political map
  • Thematic map
  • Geographical coordinate
  • Latitude
  • Parallel
  • Physical map
  • Topographic map
  • First of all you have to do the glosary in the end of your book.
  • Second, you have to look for the meaning of these words and write them in english;
You need to know these words and your meanings for the next exam. I´m going to ask you.

Monday, 18 September 2017

Welcome to Bilingual Project

A new year begin and we need to do a big amount of work.
Wellcome to Biligual project!
But we need too enjoy with the work. It´s the reason we use this blog

Sunday, 2 July 2017

Saturday, 1 July 2017

Working in Holidays

Throughout the holidays you would  have to work a little.
Some possibilities are:
  • Listening the videos or the CDs book
  • See some vídeos in this  blog and make a summary
  • See some film and make the summary
  • Read and make these activities:

    Monday, 19 June 2017

    Persians vs Greeks

    About Greece life

    Answer the questions using this link: BBC Bitesize  and BBC
    • Where Western civilization began?
    •  How did the Olympic Games begin?
    • What was the ancient Greece like?
    • How was Greece ruled?
    • When did Greece begin?
    • What was the Trojan War? 
    • Fighting formation. Weapons and armour in the Greek army
    • How did families and women live?
    • Why Athens was great? 
    • What was Greek fashion like?
    We learned about Mytilene and its problems with Athens , in this link in activities click on Mytilene, a matter of life and death!, Send me a Summary of the story

    Friday, 2 June 2017

    Physical Greece map

    Where it is Greece?
    What are the geographical features of Greece?
    What do you know about the physical Greece map?
    Names the seas which are surrounding Greece.
    Main islands in the Greek seas.
    What is today the capital of Greece?
    How did the mountains affect life in Greece?
    How did the sea help the Greek economy?
    Why did the Greeks learn trading with other peoples?

    Greece islands: Game

    Tuesday, 30 May 2017

    Art in Egypt

    Using your book and others materials make a presentation about the Egyptian art

    Imperial History of the Middle East

    Evolución animada de la Historia hasta casi nuestros días

    Tuesday, 23 May 2017

    Work with the first writing, code of Law and alphabet

    1º Choose  a subject and write the ideas about your work, only to read 2 minutes
    2ºRecord the sound in your home
    3º Send me the files

    Links to make the work:

    The first writing  Writing in the ancient history  History of writing Code of Hammurabi Hammurabi´s Code Who created the alphabet   Alphabetic writings What was the first alphabet

    Hatshepsut: Egypt's Famous Female Pharaoh

    The history of Egypt is filled with exciting and unusual stories, perhaps none so much as that of Hatshepsut, a female pharaoh.

    The granddaughter of the famous Amenhotep I, Hatshepsut wasn't really in line to be the king of Egypt, especially since she was a she. Males were the rulers in those days, and females were shut out of the line of succession.

    But when her father, Tuthmose I, died, his son, Tuthmose II, became king. This Tuthmose was married to Hatshepsut. (Tuthmose I had two wives, Mountnofrit (the mother of Tuthmose II) and Aahmes (the mother of Hatshepsut).

    Tuthmose II, archaeologists tell us, ruled only three or four years, dying of a skin disease. He had a son, who was Hatshepsut's nephew. This son, Tuthmose III, was very young when his father died. They ruled together for awhile, then Hatshepsut declared herself ruler.

    Amazingly, she ruled for 15 years, while her nephew came of age. She wore the traditional clothing of the male pharaohs, and she had support of the Egyptian elders (including the powerful head priest of Amon) and the Egyptian people. No major wars were fought at this time, but the Egyptians did make expeditions to neighboring civilizations, spreading the word that their ruler was a woman.

    After Hatshepsut's death, Tuthmose III was so jealous of her that he ordered her monuments obscured and all mention of her erased from the walls of temples and other important buildings. Since the ancient Egyptians believed that a person's spirit lived on as long as his or her name was carved into a wall, Tuthmose's decision to erase his hated aunt's name was probably because he thought that he would destroy her spirit as well.

    But her name lives on, as an example of the power that one woman can possess if she sets her mind to achieving it. In a time when women were thought of as second-class citizens, good only for delivering sons who would be kings, Hatshepsut was the ruler herself, and she did it for 15 years. Courageous, strong-willed, and dynamic, Hatshepsut has passed on her name to the list of famous women in history.

    What dou know about Hatshepsut: Egypt's Famous Female Pharaoh? Write about ten lines, at least.

    Tuesday, 16 May 2017

    The fertile Crecent. Mesopotamia

    The Fertile Crescent: You may read on the web that ancient Mesopotamia is nicknamed "The Fertile Crescent". It is true that ancient Mesopotamia is located inside the geographic region referred to as The Fertile Crescent. Today, The Fertile Crescent includes the countries of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Jordan, Palestine, Kuwait, the Sinai Peninsula, and Northern Mesopotamia. It is a big place.
    A place where you con see one map of Mesopotamia.

    The Land Between Two Rivers: Ancient Mesopotamia was located in a piece of The Fertile Crescent, in what is now southern Iraq. It covered an area about 300 miles long and about 150 miles wide. The word Mesopotamia actually means (in Greek) “the land between the rivers.” The two rivers referred to by the ancient Greeks are the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers.
    Why would anyone wish to build a civilization in the middle of the desert in what is now lower Iraq? Because it was a great place to live!
    In Northern Mesopotamia, the land is fertile. There is seasonal rain. The rivers and streams are fed from the hills and mountains of the region.
    In Southern Mesopotamia, the land is mostly flat and barren. Temperatures can rise over 110 degrees Fahrenheit. There is very little rainfall. Storms do blow in from the Persian Gulf, which cools things off. The area does have slight seasons. It can get quite cool at certain times of the year.
    Many thousands of years ago, early settlers wandered into the land between two rivers. Natural vegetation and wildlife kept the people well fed. The rivers provided fresh drinking water, and a place to bathe. These early people settled down, invented a system of irrigation, and began to farm the land ( link with ).
    What do you think about the land between two rivers?
    How is the mesopotamian geography?
    What is the reason to use this land in their settlement?

    Monday, 15 May 2017

    Egypt geography

    1. What is today the capital of Egypt? _______________________
    2. What sea borders Egypt to the north? _______________________
    3. What is the name of the canal that divides mainland Egypt from the Sinai Peninsula? _______________________
    4. What is the name of the major river that flows through Egypt? _______________________
    5. What is the name of the desert that borders Egypt to the west? _______________________
    6. What is the name of the country that borders Egypt to the south? _______________________
    7. The Aswan Dam is at one end of which lake? _______________________
    8. If you wanted to travel from Cairo to Alexandria, in which direction would you head?

    Sunday, 14 May 2017

    Vocabulary. Unit 9

    • First of all you have to do the glosary in the end of your book.
    • Second, you have to look for the meaning of these words and write them in english;
    You need to know these words and your meanings for the next exam. I´m going to ask you.
    River civilizations
    Civil servant
    Old kingdom
    Hierarchical society
    Middle kingdom
    Cuneiform writing
    New kingdom
    Sumerian period
    Flooded and dams

    Tuesday, 9 May 2017


    Stonehenge 1 minute from Nathan Allard on Vimeo.

    To know more Stonehenge

    How to make a Sword?

     Overview of How to Make a Sword
    The two main parts of a sword are the blade and the hilt. The blade could be single edged or double edged. The hilt gives a firm grip to the swordsman. There are various types of swords.

    A fully equipped blacksmith workshop along with the requisite raw materials is the basic necessity of a sword making endeavor. Let us see the steps of how to make a sword. These steps are generic in the sense that depending on the kind of sword, you want to make, they may vary.

    Study the Sword Making Techniques and Decide A Design
    This is the first and most important part. An opportunity to see a real sword maker doing his thing, is the best form of education. So, see if a sword maker takes you in as an apprentice. You will get to learn on the job. Set up the forgery for the job. Decide on a design, dimensions and plan your procedure of making the sword, down to the last details. That way, the time spent in a forgery will be more productive.

    Forging the Sword
    The process of making a sword starts with forging. The metal bar from which you intend to make a sword is heated in a forge and hammered into shape. This is probably the most difficult of all the steps. Impulse needs to be delivered with the right power to mold the metal bar into the shape of a sword. The forging process involves repeated heating and hammering, till the desired shape has been achieved. This gives strength to the blade.

    Annealing the Sword
    Annealing is the most important part of forging. It involves heating the sword and making it cool slowly. This cooling process can be stretched to more than 24 hours. Annealing prepares the blade for the grinding part later.

    Grinding and Hardening the Sword
    Using a grinder and the force of friction, a sharp blade is methodically sculpted out of the forged metal, along with a sharp pointed tip. Engravings are made on the blade in this step. Then the sword is hardened by heating it to a high temperature and then cooling it suddenly by inserting it in a quenching or coolant tank.

    Tempering the Sword
    The last part is tempering the blade which again involves repeated cycles of heating to low temperatures and cooling. This gets rid of the brittleness of the sword. This final stage is the toughest and needs a lot of blacksmith skill.

    Putting the Finishing Touches
    Task: Explain with your words how to make a sword in the Metal Ages

    Tuesday, 2 May 2017

    Put on the map the names of Spain rivers.

    Prehistoric objects

    Investigate and write about the next pictures for every image, these questions:
    What is it? It is a...........
    How was it used ? It was used for......


     Link to the Lascaux cave and  you talk with Ross about the cave painting

    Monday, 24 April 2017

    Vocabulary. Unit 8

    • First of all you have to do the glosary in the end of your book.
    • Second, you have to look for the meaning of these words and write them in english;
    You need to know these words and your meanings for the next exam. I´m going to ask you.

    Paleolithic Age Australopithecus
    Neolithic Age Homo Antecessor
    Metal Age Homo Neanderthal
    Homo habilis Homo Sapiens
    Homo Erectus Atapuerca
    Fertility  cults Biface
    Nomadic Peleolithic Art
    Neolithic Revolution Pottery
    Wheel Sail
    Plough Neolithic monuments
    Mehir Dolmens
    Stone Circles Stonehenge

    Tuesday, 18 April 2017

    Human beings and our ancestros

    Comparison between Human beings and our ancestors.

    Look  the pictures and write the similarities versus the differences

    Talks with Ross and send me the chart

    Similarities Differences

    Monday, 17 April 2017

    Physical America

    • Where is America ?
    • What two bodies of water separate America from Europe and Asia?
    • Which ocean is on America´s west coast?
    • Which ocean is on east coast?
    • Which is the longest river in America?
    • What is the name of the hightest mountain in America? How high is it? Where is it?

    Tuesday, 4 April 2017

    Physical Spain

    Answer these questions.

    • Where is Spain?

    • What physical relief separate Spain from Africa?

    • What two mountain separate Spain from Europe

    • Which ocean is on Europe’s west coast?

    • Which sea is on north coast?

    • Which sea is on southeast coast?

    • Which is the longest river in Spain?

    • What is the name of the highest mountain in Spain? How high is it? Where is it?

    • Do you know the names of some volcanoes in Spain?

    • What types of climates are there in Spain?
    • What are Spain´s climate like?
    TASK: Place on the map the relief names