Tuesday, 30 May 2017

Art in Egypt

Using your book and others materials make a presentation about the Egyptian art

Imperial History of the Middle East


Evolución animada de la Historia hasta casi nuestros días

Tuesday, 23 May 2017

Work with the first writing, code of Law and alphabet

1º Choose  a subject and write the ideas about your work, only to read 2 minutes
2ºRecord the sound in your home
3º Send me the files

Links to make the work:


The first writing  Writing in the ancient history  History of writing Code of Hammurabi Hammurabi´s Code Who created the alphabet   Alphabetic writings What was the first alphabet

Hatshepsut: Egypt's Famous Female Pharaoh

The history of Egypt is filled with exciting and unusual stories, perhaps none so much as that of Hatshepsut, a female pharaoh.

The granddaughter of the famous Amenhotep I, Hatshepsut wasn't really in line to be the king of Egypt, especially since she was a she. Males were the rulers in those days, and females were shut out of the line of succession.

But when her father, Tuthmose I, died, his son, Tuthmose II, became king. This Tuthmose was married to Hatshepsut. (Tuthmose I had two wives, Mountnofrit (the mother of Tuthmose II) and Aahmes (the mother of Hatshepsut).

Tuthmose II, archaeologists tell us, ruled only three or four years, dying of a skin disease. He had a son, who was Hatshepsut's nephew. This son, Tuthmose III, was very young when his father died. They ruled together for awhile, then Hatshepsut declared herself ruler.

Amazingly, she ruled for 15 years, while her nephew came of age. She wore the traditional clothing of the male pharaohs, and she had support of the Egyptian elders (including the powerful head priest of Amon) and the Egyptian people. No major wars were fought at this time, but the Egyptians did make expeditions to neighboring civilizations, spreading the word that their ruler was a woman.

After Hatshepsut's death, Tuthmose III was so jealous of her that he ordered her monuments obscured and all mention of her erased from the walls of temples and other important buildings. Since the ancient Egyptians believed that a person's spirit lived on as long as his or her name was carved into a wall, Tuthmose's decision to erase his hated aunt's name was probably because he thought that he would destroy her spirit as well.

But her name lives on, as an example of the power that one woman can possess if she sets her mind to achieving it. In a time when women were thought of as second-class citizens, good only for delivering sons who would be kings, Hatshepsut was the ruler herself, and she did it for 15 years. Courageous, strong-willed, and dynamic, Hatshepsut has passed on her name to the list of famous women in history.
Link

What dou know about Hatshepsut: Egypt's Famous Female Pharaoh? Write about ten lines, at least.

Tuesday, 16 May 2017

The fertile Crecent. Mesopotamia

The Fertile Crescent: You may read on the web that ancient Mesopotamia is nicknamed "The Fertile Crescent". It is true that ancient Mesopotamia is located inside the geographic region referred to as The Fertile Crescent. Today, The Fertile Crescent includes the countries of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Jordan, Palestine, Kuwait, the Sinai Peninsula, and Northern Mesopotamia. It is a big place.
A place where you con see one map of Mesopotamia.

The Land Between Two Rivers: Ancient Mesopotamia was located in a piece of The Fertile Crescent, in what is now southern Iraq. It covered an area about 300 miles long and about 150 miles wide. The word Mesopotamia actually means (in Greek) “the land between the rivers.” The two rivers referred to by the ancient Greeks are the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers.
Why would anyone wish to build a civilization in the middle of the desert in what is now lower Iraq? Because it was a great place to live!
In Northern Mesopotamia, the land is fertile. There is seasonal rain. The rivers and streams are fed from the hills and mountains of the region.
In Southern Mesopotamia, the land is mostly flat and barren. Temperatures can rise over 110 degrees Fahrenheit. There is very little rainfall. Storms do blow in from the Persian Gulf, which cools things off. The area does have slight seasons. It can get quite cool at certain times of the year.
Many thousands of years ago, early settlers wandered into the land between two rivers. Natural vegetation and wildlife kept the people well fed. The rivers provided fresh drinking water, and a place to bathe. These early people settled down, invented a system of irrigation, and began to farm the land ( link with ).
What do you think about the land between two rivers?
How is the mesopotamian geography?
What is the reason to use this land in their settlement?

Monday, 15 May 2017

Egypt geography


1. What is today the capital of Egypt? _______________________
2. What sea borders Egypt to the north? _______________________
3. What is the name of the canal that divides mainland Egypt from the Sinai Peninsula? _______________________
4. What is the name of the major river that flows through Egypt? _______________________
5. What is the name of the desert that borders Egypt to the west? _______________________
6. What is the name of the country that borders Egypt to the south? _______________________
7. The Aswan Dam is at one end of which lake? _______________________
8. If you wanted to travel from Cairo to Alexandria, in which direction would you head?

Sunday, 14 May 2017

Vocabulary. Unit 9


Homework:
  • First of all you have to do the glosary in the end of your book.
  • Second, you have to look for the meaning of these words and write them in english;
You need to know these words and your meanings for the next exam. I´m going to ask you.
Writing
Pharaohs
River civilizations
Papyrus
Civil servant
Old kingdom
Hierarchical society
Middle kingdom
Cuneiform writing
New kingdom
Hammmurabi
Thebes
Sumerian period
Menphis
slaves
Polytheistic
ziggurats
Afterlife
Flooded and dams
Pyramids
Mummy
Sarcophagus
Hieroglyphics
scribe

Tuesday, 9 May 2017

Stonehenge

Stonehenge 1 minute from Nathan Allard on Vimeo.


To know more Stonehenge


How to make a Sword?

 Overview of How to Make a Sword
The two main parts of a sword are the blade and the hilt. The blade could be single edged or double edged. The hilt gives a firm grip to the swordsman. There are various types of swords.

A fully equipped blacksmith workshop along with the requisite raw materials is the basic necessity of a sword making endeavor. Let us see the steps of how to make a sword. These steps are generic in the sense that depending on the kind of sword, you want to make, they may vary.

Study the Sword Making Techniques and Decide A Design
This is the first and most important part. An opportunity to see a real sword maker doing his thing, is the best form of education. So, see if a sword maker takes you in as an apprentice. You will get to learn on the job. Set up the forgery for the job. Decide on a design, dimensions and plan your procedure of making the sword, down to the last details. That way, the time spent in a forgery will be more productive.

Forging the Sword
The process of making a sword starts with forging. The metal bar from which you intend to make a sword is heated in a forge and hammered into shape. This is probably the most difficult of all the steps. Impulse needs to be delivered with the right power to mold the metal bar into the shape of a sword. The forging process involves repeated heating and hammering, till the desired shape has been achieved. This gives strength to the blade.

Annealing the Sword
Annealing is the most important part of forging. It involves heating the sword and making it cool slowly. This cooling process can be stretched to more than 24 hours. Annealing prepares the blade for the grinding part later.

Grinding and Hardening the Sword
Using a grinder and the force of friction, a sharp blade is methodically sculpted out of the forged metal, along with a sharp pointed tip. Engravings are made on the blade in this step. Then the sword is hardened by heating it to a high temperature and then cooling it suddenly by inserting it in a quenching or coolant tank.

Tempering the Sword
The last part is tempering the blade which again involves repeated cycles of heating to low temperatures and cooling. This gets rid of the brittleness of the sword. This final stage is the toughest and needs a lot of blacksmith skill.

Putting the Finishing Touches
Task: Explain with your words how to make a sword in the Metal Ages

Tuesday, 2 May 2017

Put on the map the names of Spain rivers.

Prehistoric objects


Investigate and write about the next pictures for every image, these questions:
What is it? It is a...........
How was it used ? It was used for......




Lascaux

 Link to the Lascaux cave and  you talk with Ross about the cave painting